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  • 25 Most Expensive Pieces Of Jewelry In The World

    25 Most Expensive Pieces Of Jewelry In The World

     

    25

    Sapphire Ring of Princess Diana


    Princess Diana is an iconic figure. No wonder the royal jewelry that she wore which is now in the hands of Kate Middleton will be valued at a price of $38,488. This ring was given by Prince Charles to Lady Diana Spencer on their engagement. Aside from the actual price. This ring is historically significant.

    24

    Queen Marie of Romania’s Shell Shaped Brooch


    Once owned by Queen Marie of Romania this symbolic piece of brooch made out of Pecten shell was used as a crowned monogram for Princess Marie. It was crafted by C. Faberge and belongs to history of Russian Royalty.

    23

    Queen Marie Jose’s Emerald and Diamond Necklace


    This interesting piece of jewelry was once owned by the last royalty of Italy, Queen Marie Jose. She was known for having an extensive collection of jewels including this diamond necklace. This necklace contains 50 emeralds and a lot of diamonds. It was created by Van Cleef and Arpels.

    22

    The Elephant Diamond


    Containing emeralds, rock crystal and diamonds this piece was auctioned at Christie’s in London and was once used as an adornment for the Maharaja’s favorite elephant.

    21

    Unmounted Heart Shaped Diamond


    This piece of jewelry is a  heart shaped diamond weighing 56.15 carats. It was originally cut from the Cullinan Diamonds, which the Cullinan 1 is now a part of Britain’s Crown Jewel collection and was sold for a staggering  11 million dollars.  The diamond was part of the Magnificent Jewels collection which became available for purchase on May 2011. Christie’s (the seller)  marketed the diamond as “Love At First Sight,” and released it for public view on Valentine’s Day.

    20

    Empress Eugenie’s Bow Brooch


    This brooch was from Francois Kramer, circa 1855. It was originally designed as an old mine and old European-cut diamond openwork sculpted bow. Napoleon III had it made for his wife, Empress Eugenie. Henri Loyrette, the President of Louvre, arranged a private sale with Christie’s New York in order to bring this piece of historical jewelry back to its homeland of France on April 22, 2008.

    19

    Harry Winston’s Diamond Drop Earrings


    These drop earrings aren’t just in demand because of the hefty price tag. They are highly valued because they were made for the use of A list Hollywood superstars. With 60 carats and 4 diamonds they also come with a crested platinum set which can only be seen if inspected closely.

    18

    Anonymous Diamond Necklace


    With a 8.19-carat heart shaped diamond centerpiece the owner of this highly valued necklace remains anonymous.

    17

    Queen Mary’s Diamond Riviere and La Peregrina Pearl


    It has an estimated price of $1,828,224. This was owned by England’s first female ruler Queen Mary. It is considered to be one of the world’s most exclusive jewels that include a Diamond Riviere. It was crafted from 34 old cut authentic diamonds set in gold and silver and given as a gift by the queen to her granddaughter Princess Margaret.

    16

    The Laurence Graff Ring


    English jeweler Laurence Graff bought this ring for $2.6 million during a Christie’s Auction. It became one of a kind due to the maroon central color of the diamond and even rarer due to the diamond’s octagonal shape.

    15

    The Bulgari Ring


    Elegant and noteworthy this rare blue diamond ring is a Bulgari custom-designed ring from a European collector during the 1960s. The owner gave the ring to his wife at an estimated value of $2.9 million. It is considered to be one of the most expensive jewels in the world.

    14

    Sotheby’s Green Diamond


    It can be hard to believe how much this green diamond ring costs. It has a selling price of $3.08 million. It was first seen at Sotheby’s auction of magnificent jewels. It is the single largest diamond ring that has been sold in an auction and the green diamonds weighs around 2.52 carats.

    13

    Marie Antoinette’s Necklace


    Belonging to Marie Antoinette, the child of Empress Marie Theresa of Austria and Emperor Francis I, the estimated price is at $3.7 million.

    12

    Sotheby’s Golconda Diamond Ring


    This jewel is one of the priciest to ever be sold at an auction. It has a pear-shaped Goldconda diamond ring and was presented at Sotheby’s Magnificent Jewels and Jadeite Autumn sale of 2011. With a selling price of $6.5 million, it is without a doubt one of the most expensive rings in the world.

    11

    Golconda Diamond Earrings


    Coming from the Golconda mines of India, they have also been called the Imperial Cushions because of the cushion-shaped diamonds. Each earring is around 23.11 carats and they were first seen in May of 2011 at a Christie’s Magnificent Jewels Spring Sale in Hong Kong. They were bought by an anonymous bidder for $9.3 million.

    10

    The Cullinan Diamond


    During the auction of 2009 this one of a kind blue diamond ring proved to be a crowd favorite at Sotheby’s semi-annual sale in Geneva and was able to fetch a whopping price of $9.69 million.

    9

    The $10 Million Ring


    Containing a 6.01 carat cushion-shaped blue diamond as its centerpiece, this ring fetched $10 million dollars at auction by an anonymous bidder.

    8

    The Pink Graff Ring


    Going for $11.8 million this diamond came from the mines of South Africa. It comes with a 5-carat pink diamond and has been mounted with Graff diamonds to raise the price even more.

    7

    Wallis Simpson’s Panther Bracelet


    Owned by King Edward VIII at one point, this piece of jewelry was sold for $12 million and the buyer was rumored to be Madonna.

    6

    Emerald and Diamond Tiara


    Commissioned by German Prince Guido Henckel von Donnersmarck, he gave this tiara as a gift to his second wife Katherine in the year 1900. There are also rumors that this tiara belonged to the wife of Emperor Napoleon III of France. Regardless of passed ownership, however, it contains a row of 11 polished pear shaped emeralds at about 500 carats total and an anonymous bidder paid $12.76 million for it.

    5

    Bulgari Two-Stone Diamond Ring


    This easily becomes one of the most expensive rings in the world due to the two large diamonds it contains. Created in 1972 from the Bulgari collection, an Asian collector willingly bought the ring for $15.7 million after an intense bidding war.

    4

    Heart of the Ocean Diamond


    Gloria Stuart wore one of the most expensive jewels ever at the 1998 Academy Awards. This Harry Winston Sapphire has an estimated price of $20 million and is an exact replica of the piece of jewelry from the Titanic. It is the most expensive piece of jewelry ever worn at the Oscars and replicas are being sold for $3.5 million in auction sales.

    3

    The Wittelsbach-Graff Diamond


    Sold for $24.3 million to Laurence Graff in 2008, it was rumored to be the diamond from the Indian Kingdom of Golkonda and that King Philip IV Spain bought it to include in the dowry of his teenage daughter, Margaret Teresa, in the year of 1664.

    2

    The $30 Million Diamond Bikini


    The record price for a single piece of jadeite jewelry was set at the November 1997 Christie’s Hong Kong sale: Lot 1843, the “Doubly Fortunate” necklace of 27 approximately .5 mm jadeite beads sold for US$9.3 million

    The Graff Pink


    Said to be the most expensive piece of jewelry in the world, it was sold for a staggering price of $46 million in November 2010. Famously known as “The Graff Pink”, it is classified as a type II color diamond and has a perfect rating which gives it a price of about $1.85 million per carat.

     

     

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  • 15 Amazing Facts About Jewelry

    Many people especially the women out there think they know so much about jewelry and they are kind of expert in it. But in real there are so many facts of different kinds that none of us know. From eating to swallowing jewels to the worth of jewelry of queen of England this list is so informative and amazing. Let’s go through this list:

    A strange fact about jewelry is that in some cultures people would swallow pearls. They believe it will give them relief from any sickness.

    The largest pearl ever found was 14 pounds. This is the largest pearl and can be found rarely and in fact we can say that it is the only one found until now.

    Another fact about jewelry is that Tiffany and Co. engagement rings had a price of $40 in 1896.

    Can you imagine the worth of jewelry collection of queen of England? The total estimated dollar amount is $57 million dollars.

    The Heart of the Ocean, from James Cameron’s “Titanic” was not completely fictitious – it is believed that a rather large sapphire went down with Titanic on that fateful night.

    Diamonds are no doubt so beautiful but they can turn to graphite if they are saved for an extremely long period of time.

    While diamonds are one of the hardest substances in nature (although recent research has proved otherwise), synthetic nanomaterial’s have been created that are much harder.

    Although diamonds are hard, they are not strong. If you hit one with a hammer it will shatter.

    Engagement rings were declared necessary for marriage by Pope Nicholas I in 860 A.D.

    Opals are another form of jewelry and it is said that Opals can actually be up to 30% water. This is no doubt an amazing fact that we didn’t know before.

    Platinum jewelry is so popular and people are in love of that these days. a fact about this is that Cartier introduced platinum to jewelry in 1896.

    Emeralds n diamonds are popular jewels. Now according to some research extremely high quality emeralds are more valuable than diamonds.

    Many of us do not like yellow color of the gold but it is a fact that pure gold is always yellow but it changes color when different metals are added to it.

    One of the largest sapphires is known as the Star of Asia, which is currently housed at the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History.

    All the gold ever mined in the history of the world can be compressed into an 18-yard cube, roughly 1/10 of the Washington Monument.

    There are 10 billion tons of gold in all oceans. You can go n search some for yourself. Winks.

     

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  • The 10 Most Expensive Pieces Of Jewelry Ever Sold At Auction

    From tiaras to rings, wealthy connoisseurs have spared no expense buying up the world’s priciest jewelry.

    Many of the jewels on this list, sold at the world’s biggest auction houses, have impressive histories and famous owners.

    And the most expensive item on the list—a pink diamond ring purchased last year by famed jeweler Laurence Graff—went for nearly double the price of the second most expensive item.

     

    #10 This vivid blue and diamond ring sold for $10 million

    via Sotheby’s

    What: A cushion-shaped fancy vivid blue diamond weighing 6.01 carats, flanked on each side by an oval pink diamond weighing 0.46 and 0.44 carat respectively, mounted in platinum.

    The buy chose to remain anonymous. The sale broke a record for price-per-carat for any fancy vivid blue diamond sold at auction.

    When: Oct. 5, 2011

    Where: Sotheby’s Hong Kong

    #9 The Louvre bought the Empress Eugenie Brooch for $10.5 million

    via Christie’s Auction House

    What: An antique diamond bow brooch from François Kramer, circa 1855. It was designed as an old mine and old European-cut diamond openwork sculpted bow.

    The brooch was created by François Kramer for the wife of Napoléon III, Empress Eugénie. Henri Loyrette, President of the Louvre and his administration arrangement a private sale with Christie’s to bring the brooch back to France.

    When: April 22, 2008 

    Where: Christie’s New York

    #8 A vivid pink diamond and diamond ring by Graff Diamonds sold for $11.8 million

    via Christie’s Auction House

    What: A fancy vivid pink cushion-shaped diamond weighing 5.00 carats, mounted by Graff Diamonds. The rare pink diamond was mined in South Africa.

    According to Christie’s website, unlike many other colored diamonds, the color in pink diamonds comes from the diamond’s exposure to heat and pressure during transportation into the earth’s crust.

    When: Dec. 1, 2009

    Where: Christie’s Hong Kong

     

    #7 This unmounted heart-shaped diamond sold for $11 million

    via Christie’s Auction House

    What:  A heart-shaped diamond weighing 56.15 carats. It was originally cut from the Cullinan Diamonds, and the Cullinan 1 is now a part of Britain’s Crown Jewel collection.

    The diamond was part of the Magnificent Jewels collection that went on sale at Christie’s in May. Christie’s marketed the diamond as “Love At First Sight,” and released it for viewing on Valentine’s Day.

    When: May 18, 2011

    Where: Geneva at Christie’s auction house

    #6 This emerald and diamond tiara that once belonged to Princess Katharina Henckel von Donnersmarck sold for $12.3 million

    via Sotheby’s

    What: The diamond-and-emerald confection was commissioned by German prince Guido Henckel von Donnersmarck for his second wife Katharina around 1900, and is believed to have belonged to Eugenie, wife of French Emperor Napoleon III.

    It has a row of 11 polished pear-shaped emeralds, totaling 500 carats, and was purchased by an anonymous bidder.

     When: May 17, 2011

    Where: Geneva at the Sotheby’s auction house

    #5 Wallis Simpson’s Panther Bracelet sold for $12.4 million

    The Sun

    What: The onyx and diamond panther bracelet was once owned by Wallis Simpson, whose love affair with King Edward VIII led to his abdication in 1936.

    It was rumored Madonna may have purchased the piece.

    When: Nov. 30, 2010

    Where: Sotheby’s London

    #4 This Bulgari two-stone colored diamond and diamond ring sold for $15.7 million

    via Christie’s Auction House

    What: The ring is set with a triangular-cut fancy vivid blue diamond, weighing 10.95 carats, and a triangular-cut diamond, weighing 9.87 carats, and dates from 1972.

    It was purchased by an Asian collector after a three-way bidding battle.

    When: May 19, 2010

    Where: Christie’s New York

    #3 The Perfect Pink sold for $23.2 million

    via Christie’s Auction House

    What: A rectangular-cut fancy intense pink diamond ring weighing 14.23 carats, which is very rare for pink diamonds.

    The piece was purchased by an anonymous buyer.

    When: Nov. 29, 2010

    Where: Christie’s Hong Kong

    #2 The Wittelsbach-Graff Diamond sold for $24.3 million

    via Christie’s Auction House

    What: A historic cushion-cut fancy deep grayish blue diamond weighing 35.56 carats.

    Laurence Graff purchased the diamond in 2008 for about $22 million. He had the diamond cut by three different diamond cutters to remove the flaws in 2010.

    The diamond originates from Indian kingdom of Golkonda. It’s rumored that King Philip IV of Spain purchased the jewel and included it in the dowry of his teenage daughter, Margaret Teresa, in 1664.

    When: December 2008 

    Where: Christie’s London

    #1 This pink round-cornered rectangular diamond sold for $46.2 million to jeweler Laurence Graff

    via Sotheby’s

    What: A pink round-cornered rectangular step-cut diamond weighing 24.78 carats, set between shield-shaped diamond shoulders, in platinum.

    The diamond was formerly owned by jeweler Harry Winston. This beauty set the record for most expensive single jewel ever sold at auction. Laurence Graff renamed it “The Graff Pink.”

    When: Nov. 10, 2010 

    Where: Geneva at Sotheby’s

     

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  • Fun Facts About Jewelry

     

    Have you ever wondered how a pearl is made or how the tradition of giving a diamond ring for engagements originated?  Well we have answers to those questions and more.  We’ve compiled a list of fun jewelry facts for all the jewelry lovers out there.  Read on and test your knowledge of jewelry trivia.

    How are Pearls formed?

    Pearls are formed when a tiny bit of sand gets trapped inside an oyster. The oyster produces a “nacre” as a defense mechanism that coats the intruder, layer after layer. A pearl is formed naturally in 1 in every 10,000 oysters. The longer the pearl stays in the oyster the heavier the nacre.

     

    How did the tradition of giving a diamond ring for engagements originate?

    Initially, only one ring was used for an engagement and a wedding. Then in 1477, Maximillian of Austria gave an engagement ring to his beloved, Mary of Burgundy starting a tradition.

     

    Why are wedding rings worn on the third finger of the left hand?

    Engagement and wedding rings are worn on the third finger of the left hand because it was once thought that a vein in that finger led directly to the heart.

     

    Where did the word diamond come from?

    The word diamond comes from the Greek word “adamant” which means invincible or steadfast.

     

    Do sapphires have special meaning?

    In the symbolic language of jewels, a sapphire in a wedding ring means marital happiness.

     

    How did birthstones originate?

    The origin of birthstones is believed to date back thousands of years to the time of Moses.  It is believed that the Breast Plate of the High Priest was made with twelve colored gem stones representing the twelve tribes of Israel, and a corresponding gemstone was attributed to each color.  Over time, people began wearing one gemstone each month, then transitioned to wearing their own birthstone all year long.  Each birthstone is said to represent magical powers, ward off evil or help cure illness.

     

    What is the most expensive piece of jewelry designed for a movie?

    The most expensive piece of jewelry designed for a movie was the necklace worn by Nicole Kidman in Moulin Rouge.  The 134 carat diamond necklace with 1,308 diamonds cost a cool 1 million and was created by Stefano Canturi.

     

    What is the largest diamond in the world?

    Cullinan I held the title of the largest diamond in the world until 1987. Currently the largest diamond is The Golden Jubilee Diamond at a whopping 545.67 carats!  It outweighs the Cullinan I by 15.37 carats. The yellow-brown diamond which is cut in a fire rose cushion cut was purchased from De Beers by a group led by Henry Ho of Thailand and given to Thai King Bhumibol Adulyadej in honor of his 50th coronation anniversary. It is now located in the Royal Thai Palace as part of the crown jewels.

     

     

     

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  • 12 Jewelry Trends for 2014: The Third Annual List of What to Buy, Sell, and Stock in the Year Ahead

    12 Jewelry Trends for 2014: The Third Annual List of What to Buy, Sell, and Stock in the Year Ahead

     

    Yes—it’s almost time for bubbles! But it’s also time to assess jewelry trends for 2014. Now in its third year, you know the drill: This is my annual prediction of jewelry trends based on market work, meetings with designers, and analyzing runway fashions and awards show jewels.

    But before we get to the list, I’d like to thank you, readers, for your continued support. The 12 Trends for 2013 post hit the top spot again on JCKonline, emerging as JCK’s single most popular article at 28,718 views—just a smidgen (3 percent) more than last year.

    And how accurate was the list? Well, you’re more than welcome to weigh in with your own opinion, but here’s a little of what I know:

    • Emeralds were all over the red carpet this year and were abundant in new collections.
    • Snakes were prolific because of the Chinese calendar.
    • Estate pieces and hair jewels appeared at many at high-profile events.
    • Delicate pieces were evident due to high gold prices, and subtle drop earrings adorned many an ear at various Hollywood events.
    • And while drusy and amber didn’t have a huge showing overall, the stones did appear in enough collections to make me think that they were worth the mentions.

    And now, on to the new list—please let me know what you think. I’m hoping it will be helpful. Thank you for reading!

    Jewelry trends are derived from the three Rs: red carpet, runway, and real life. Here’s a list of 12 trends compiled through jewelry market research of new styles seen at shows and during market appointments and an analysis of runway fashions and top looks at awards shows.

    Abalone. With all the blue we’ve been seeing this year, this lustrous pearl beauty fits right into the mix. But not just because of its color; abalone has appeared in a number of cool pieces this year—from a one-of-a-kind necklace from Arunashi (that debuted in Baselworld and is now for sale at Marissa Collection in Florida) to a funky pair of earrings by Jacquie Aiche to new styles from costume jeweler Isharya. That’s why I think this sometimes-inexpensive (but always exotic looking) organic material is poised to have a moment.

    Radiant Orchid. Call it fuchsia or purply-pink; they’re both appropriate names for Pantone color No. 18-3224, otherwise known as Radiant Orchid. It’s what the self-proclaimed color authority has chosen for its 2014 Color of the Year, so expect to see a surge of the hue in clothing—and in jewelry as a by-product—and do remember to help clients color-block selections appropriately.

    Orange. It color-blocks beautifully with all the blue we’ve seen on the runways and in jewelry, as well as with Radiant Orchid. For that reason, orange should be a go-to jewel color for retailers in 2014.

    Blue. Yes, it’s still going strong. It was all over the runways for spring and has been abundant injewelry collections all year. Snap up styles in sapphire, topaz, tanzanite, and any other desirable variations.

    Yellow gold. We saw lots of it at the Emmys, in dainty pendants, and all year long in vermeil, gold plate, and yellow-colored brass, and bronze jewels. But considering that the price of gold has dropped 29 percent to date—and analysts suspect that the prices per ounce will continue dropping—industry can happily re-embrace the precious metal in designs and with more liberal applications.

    Chevrons and pyramids. These shapes are both timeless and trendy; let me explain. A number of newer designers (Anita Ko and Nicole Trunfio, among others) are using a pyramid as a signature motif, while the chevron, a fixture in heraldry and insignia—and relatable to the pyramid with its triangular point—is appearing more in collections by other up-and-comers. (Chevrons in design are also referred to as zigzag effects.) Together, the symbols are kissing cousins of sorts and are celebrated by young artists and mass merchants alike in fresh, fun ways that are salable and nod to the rocker-chic aesthetic celebrated in punk-inspired fashion.

    Stickpins. Did you see all the lapels in spring lines? They all serve as ideal perches for slim jewels like stickpins. These are—as the name suggests—slender, making them affordable and easy to place in other spots as well, such as in the hair, on a hat, shirt, or even a skirt. Also, consider that directional firm Royal Asscher unveiled stickpins in a collection made in collaboration with singer Estelle; Southern jeweler Mignon Faget is also offering the styles as is newcomer Holly Dyment; and that the pieces are abundant in estate cases. Update this old style with modern themes for a newfound collectible.

    Body jewelry. Belly rings, body chains, handlets, and ear cuffs aren’t for shrinking violets, but they do offer jewelers more opportunities to sell precious jewels—even if they are for places that many aren’t accustomed to adorning. The prevalence of crop tops on spring runways, Jennifer Lawrence’s backlace at the Oscars, the punk trend, and the growing popularity of ear cuffs will all help fuel sales of body jewels to a niche of quasi-cosmopolitan customers who are comfortable in the spotlight.

    Minimalist jewels and geometric shapes. Think stud earrings, bar or stick motifs, and other sleek, uncomplicated silhouettes that will subtly enhance spring’s angular frocks, graphic prints and logos, and menswear-inspired styles. Strong geometric forms (pyramids, circles, etc.) perfectly parallel these designs, further enhancing spring’s fashion statements.

    Bracelets. Admittedly, this is kind of a big duh; of course folks are going to wear bracelets. But consider that the unifier in all of spring’s clothing—from menswear-inspired numbers to rocker-chic getups, T-shirts and jeans, or sleeveless tops—is often a bare wrist that demands coverage. To wit, clients’ go-to accessories are bangles, cuffs, stacking styles, or wide models with clasps.

    Watches. Spring fashion celebrates a pared-down aesthetic complete with menswear-influenced styles that require accessorizing, and watches fit the bill. Chic, price-point-friendly watches offered by names like Michael Kors appeal to entry-level shoppers, while diamond-encrusted pieces from Bedat speak to high-end shoppers. Some retailers told JCK that watches were among their best sellers during the holiday season. And, talk about the Apple smartwatchcould inadvertently inspire chatter about (and purchases of?) fine watches.

    Stud earrings. These are an ideal to accent minimalist looks, as well as a fave (an unfortunate one according to some) among Hollywood stars who often wear them to awards shows. Studs are also inherently wallet friendly, unisex, and available in designs as numerous as the celebrities who walk the red carpet. Give thanks to artists with track records of turning out super cute and covetable stud styles.

     

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  • How to Use a Jewelry Loupe

    How to Use a Jewelry Loupe

     

    What Is a Jewelry Magnifying Loupe?

    Jewelry professionals use a magnifier, also called a loupe (pronounced loop), to inspect gemstones and other jewelry. These magnifying loupes have special lenses that allow our eyes to focus on an object at a much closer distance than is normally possible, making the object appear to be larger and revealing tiny details we couldn’t see with our normal vision.

    Magnifying Loupe Lens Variations

    One: Loupes made with a single lens are generally of poor quality, distorting the object you’re magnifying and adding flashes of color that obscure the view.

    Three: A triplet loupe is a jewelry magnifier that contains three lenses placed together in a way that corrects distortion and color problems.

    Choosing a Magnification Power

    Loupes are labeled with a number, followed by the symbol “X,” which means “times.” For example, a 2X loupe makes an object appear two times its actual size and a 5X loupe shows you a five-fold increase.

    Best Loupe for Jewelry

    A 10X triplet magnifying loupe is a good choice for viewing jewelry, and is the type of loupe used by professionals to grade diamonds and other gemstones. Anything visible through a more powerful loupe, while interesting, isn’t included on a grading report.

    Look for a magnifying loupe with black framing around the lens, because black eliminates reflections that can alter the color of the object you are viewing.

     

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  • A Guide to Jewelry-Making Hand Tools

    A Guide to Jewelry-Making Hand Tools

     

    A Guide to Jewelry-Making Hand Tools

    From the Fire Mountain Gems and Beads® Collection

    5B4Z

     

    Using the right tool for the job will give you more secure crimps, tighter and neater loops and perfect coils. Here’s a guide to the most commonly used jewelry-making hand tools, the work they are designed to do and tips on when to use each tool.

    Curved chain-nose pliers are used to reach into tight places to grip components, close jumprings, bend wire and stabilize a design while working. The bent tip allows access into difficult areas without blocking your line of vision.

    Chain-nose pliers are used to reach into tight places, at difficult angles, to grip components, close jumprings, bend wire and stabilize a design while working. They are available in both long-nose and short-nose varieties. Short-nose pliers offer more strength and stability while long-nose pliers give more reach.

    Crimping pliers are an invaluable tool for stringing beads, as they easily secure crimp tubes to your beading wire. The jaws have two notches (when closed, one notch forms an ”O” shape, the other a ”U” shape). To crimp, first squeeze the crimp tube or bead in the ”U” shaped notch to lock it into place. Then squeeze the crimped tube in the ”O” notch to further secure and round it.

    End-cutting nippers are ideal for conquering problems such as cutting the post off an earstud or trimming the peg on a flat pad. The highest quality nippers are constructed with lap joints and polished heads to prevent marking the surface of soft metals.

    Flush-cutters trim headpins, eyepins and beading wire such as Accu-Flex® professional-quality beading wire, as well as fine wire used in wireworking. Flush-cutters allow a flat, even cut even in the tightest of places (hence the name), making for less filing and cleanup time. The tiny jaws camouflage their incredible accuracy and power. After cutting the end of a piece of metal wire, check out the cutting surfaces and see how one side makes a “V” shape and the other is flat. For a perfectly flush cut, always keep the waste end of the wire toward the concave side of the cutters.

    Flat-nose pliers are used to bend wire and hold beads and components without marring or scratching. The flat inside surface of the jaws help stabilize jumprings, flatten wire and create sharp corners for wireworking. Available in both long-nose and short-nose varieties. Short-nose pliers give you increased strength and stability while long-nose pliers give you more reach.

    Gem setting pliers are used for setting or tightening the prongs on gemstone settings. They have great leverage and are designed with parallel action jaws which can be adjusted to the exact width you need. By adjusting the jaws to the width of your setting, you can be sure you’re not applying too much force on the setting or your stone.

     

    View the how-to video and step-by-step illustrated instructions to see this tool in action.Loop-closing pliers smoothly close loops, jumprings, bracelet links and more. The jaws have a groove which allows for the curvature of different sized loops, and the smooth finish prevents distortion or scratching.

     

    View the how-to video and step-by-step illustrated instructions to see this tool in action.

    Memory wire shears are made specifically to easily cut hard wires such as memory wire (steel) and precious metals. These shears will create a straight (flat) cut, so they work wonderfully for headpins too. Rubber coated, spring return handles are easy to use.

    Nylon-jaw pliers are designed to prevent marring the surface of round and square profile, precious and base metal wires. They are used like flat-nose pliers when forming wire and wire wrapping. They are also great for straightening bends and some kinks in wire.

    Rosary pliers are a perfect two-in-one tool–round-nose pliers and side-cutting pliers in one handy tool. Round-nose pliers create loops and curves. Side-cutting pliers trim metal or beading wire. This is a great tool for highly repetitive work such as making rosaries (hence the name) or handmade chain.

    Round-nose pliers are an essential tool in a jewelry maker’s tool box. Use them to create multi-diameter loops when wire wrapping and forming headpins and eyepins.

     

    Jewelry Maker’s Tip: When creating a curve or loop in a repeated pattern, use a permanent marker or small bit of masking tape to mark the point on the jaws where the original curve or loop has been made to ensure the pattern remains the same.

    Scissors, Precision are designed to cut into tiny places with ultra-sharp precision. For left-handed or right-handed people. Great for trimming excess bead cord from those tiny bead tips. Stainless steel blades, polypropylene handles.

    Scissors, classically forged embroidery and beading are professional-quality Mundial brand scissors that are great for getting into small areas and for cutting small or fine materials. Made of fine forged carbon steel and carry a lifetime warranty. Scissors have extra-fine double sharp points .

    Split ring pliers are designed to open the split rings just enough to slide them onto the end of your finding and then have them close right back up without distorting the ring.

     

    View the how-to video and step-by-step illustrated instructions to see this tool in action.Stringing wire nippers cut Accu-Flex, Acculon® or other steel reinforced thread flush with a crimp bead. Plastic-covered handles for easy grip. Hardened jaws are ground flush on one side.

    Thread Clippers, for quick snipping work, these easy-to-use clippers are designed with no finger holes. Spring action handles and sharp blades make these a handy tool.

    Wire-Wrapping pliers are designed to create three-different sizes (4mm, 6mm and 8mm) of consistently perfect loops. They are used like round-nose pliers for wire-wrapping, forming simple or wrapped loops and for creating your own jumprings.

     

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  • Timeline of Jewelry

     

    • 110.000 – 73.000 BC - Decorative sea shell beads found in the archeological digs in Morocco. They were probably used as amulets. Drilled shells have also been found in Israel, Algeria and South Africa.
    • 38.000 BC - Beads made from bone and animal teeth found in France.
    • 28.000 BC - Fossilized shells and ivory beads found in the East Gravettian culture, located in modern Czech Republic.
    • 4400 BC - Around the time of first domesticated animals and invention of wheel, ancient Thracian civilization produced oldest known objects made from gold.
    • 5000- 30 BC - Use of copper starts a new era in jewelry production, and secrets of alluvial gold gathering arrives in Egypt around 4000 BC. They quickly start producing glazed steatite beads and countless jewelry designs based on scarab beetles, scrolls, winged birds, tigers, jackals and antelopes. Popular gemstones of that time were carnelian, feldspar, amethyst, chalcedony, lapis lazuli and turquoise.
    • 2750 – 1200 BC - Ancient Mesopotamia produced wide range of jewelry based on the design of lives, grapes, cones and spirals. Gemstones that they used were agate, lapis, jasper and carnelian.
    • 1400 – 30BC - Greek jewelry was made in the style of animals and shells and was infused with the amethysts, pearls, chalcedony, cornelian, garnet and emeralds.
    • 500 BC – 400 AD - Ancient Roma preferred seal rings, brooches, amulets and talismans that were infused with the designs of animals and coiling snakes. Most popular gemstones were sapphires, emeralds, pearls, amber, garnets, jet and diamonds.
    • 400 – 1000 AD - In European Dark Ages use of jewelry was not common, except among higher nobility and royalty.
    • 1066 – 1485 - Medieval jewelry finally become widespread by the help of religion. The most famous designs of that time were hair and cloth jewelry that was worn during religious ceremonies. They were adorned with gemstones such as rubies, sapphires, pearls, emeralds, semi-precious stones and diamonds.
    • 1500 -1830 - Arrival of Renaissance and Georgian time period brought rise of jewelry use in entire Europe. Necklaces (single or multi strand), earrings (ordinary or with chandeliers), and many other designs were decorated with the images of animals. Intricately designed gemstones became very popular to the point that diamond jewelry became commonly used as a part of evening attire.
    • 1835 – 1900 - Reign of English Queen Victoria had a profound effect of fashion and jewelry tastes in Europe.
    • Early 1900s - These years were remembered for the Art Noveau and Edwardian styles.
    • 1920 – 1935 - Roaring Twenties brought the rise of the Art Deco, which introduced jewelry of vibrant colors, filled with geometrical shapes, abstract designs, cubism, modernism and oriental art. It also popularized wearing of wristwatches.
    • 1939 – 1949 - Because of influence of World War II and widespread embargoes on gemstones, popular jewelry shifted to the more metal based designs adorned with patriotic motifs and semi-precious and synthetic gemstones.
    • 1950s - Post war years saw the return of brightly colored jewelry, heavy use of rhinestones and big beads. Diamonds solidified its spot as the most popular gemstone.

     

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  • Interesting Facts about Jewelry

     

    • Jewels and other decorative items are old as the human race itself.
    • Diamonds were first discovered in India, over 2400 years ago. The biggest modern supplier of diamonds is South America.
    • Tradition of giving fiancée engagement ring was introduced by Maximilian of Austria in 1477. He gave his soon-to-be wife Mary of Burgundy masterfully crafted ring as a promise of marriage.
    • 75% of American brides receives engagement ring made out from gold and diamonds.
    • Egypt and Mesopotamia were the first two ancient civilizations that started organized production of jewelry. Their accomplishments in advancement of metallurgy and gem collecting played important role for development of jewelry in every civilization that came after them.
    • The largest diamond that was ever found is “The Cullinan”. It weights staggering 1.3 pounds.
    • Throughout the history, jewelry went through many changes brought by rise and fall of many civilizations and fashion changes.
    • Some of the most notable fashion styles that affected jewelry production are Victorian, Romanticism, Art Deco, Art Nouveau, Renaissance, and many more.
    • First jewels were made from any readily available material near settlements of our ancestors.
    • Arrival of metal age enabled creation of first artistic jewelry.
    • The most important quality of emerald, sapphire and ruby is their color clarity.
    • Only one in a million of mined diamonds ends up in jewelry.
    • Amber is fossilized tree sap that is at least 30 million years old.
    • Obsidian is a natural glass that is formed during volcanic eruptions.
    • Famous jewelry material Black Jet that was popularized during the reign of Queen Victoria is made from fossilized coal formed over 180 million years ago.
    • First synthetic diamonds appeared during 1950s.
    • Most pearls made today are cultured, or man-made. This process is done by inserting a small shell into oyster, who then painstakingly covers it with pearl material over a minimum of three years.
    • In ancient times term Sapphire described all blue stones. Similarly, all yellow stones were called Topaz.
    • United Stets is world’s biggest consumer of diamonds.
    • Diamonds are all over 3 billion years old, and they formed from carbon that was heated and compressed into diamond form at the depth of 100 miles below the surface of the earth.
    • Gold is one of the most popular jewelry raw materials because of its shine, longevity and softness.
    • Silver was used as a jewelry material for over 6 thousand years.

     

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